The Special Protocol for Northern Ireland attached to the Withdrawal Agreement guarantees the integrity of the EU internal market; at the same time, it ensures that there are no controls at the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland and that the Good Friday Agreement remains fully in force. The protocol provides that Northern Ireland remains part of the UK`s customs territory, but that all relevant provisions of the EU internal market apply in Northern Ireland, as does the EU customs code. Checks and customs collection will be carried out at ports of entry on the Irish island of Innordirland. Article 50, paragraph 3, stipulates that eu treaties “no longer apply to the State concerned from the date the withdrawal agreement enters into force or, if not, two years after notification of withdrawal, unless the European Council, in agreement with the Member State concerned, unanimously decides to extend the withdrawal period.” and the second extension decision, which was adopted by the United Kingdom in the EU until 31 October, contained the same provision as: there are other obstacles to renegotiation. Legally binding EU decisions have been adopted by the EU-27 and approved by the UK for the extension of Article 50. These decisions taken under Article 50, paragraph 3, expressly exclude the reopening of the withdrawal agreement. Before the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations. The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. But after a change of government in the United Kingdom and Boris Johnson`s insistence that the text of the agreement in its current form would not be adopted by the British House of Commons, the result was a revised agreement reached during the extension. However, the EU could put more emphasis on non-negotiation of its second withdrawal agreement, especially when asked for a new extension to facilitate a new referendum on Brexit.
The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   It is important that the withdrawal agreement and the annexed protocols be fully implemented. For us, this remains an important basis of confidence for the negotiations. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: 30.Some litigation procedures under the withdrawal agreement On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement was presented and supported, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the British Government was not complying with Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement on Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the border