Sectoral chapters, including Chapter 12, relating to FDA-regulated products were not included in most previous trade agreements, including NAFTA. Therefore, the inclusion of these annexes by the USMCA is an innovation not only in U.S. trade policy, but also for international public health. On March 1, 2019, many organizations representing the agricultural sector in the United States announced their support for the USMCA and asked Congress to ratify the agreement. They also called on the Trump administration to maintain NAFTA until the new trade agreement is ratified.  On March 4, however, House Ways and Means President Richard Neal predicted a „very hard“ path through Congress for the deal.  Starting on the 7th Senior White House officials met with members of the House Ways and Means and moderate caucuses of both parties, such as the Solvers Caucus, the Tuesday Group, and the Blue Dog Coalition, to gain support for ratification. The Trump administration has also withdrawn from the threat to withdraw from nafta, as negotiations with Congress continue.  For example, the first chapter contained a provision imposing a 10-year term of regulatory data protection specific to biologics. . .