From that moment on, Petain became practically useless and France was only a future goal for the Allied counter-offensive in Western Europe, namely D-Day. 30This search for the hidden link between the legal and institutional model and the model of biopolitical power makes „naked life“ a decisive political characteristic. It can also help to show how democracies, without becoming examples of totalitarianism, have transposed this distortion of power into the politics of naked life, subject to any whim of the sovereign. How does Vichy fit in with this perspective? Raymond Aron saw this as a perversion of the relationship of protection that was thought to exist between a State and its persons who believe they are under its protection. Article 19 of the ceasefire agreement obliged the French government to return German refugees at the request of Hitler`s empire. .